OSHA doesn’t say you MUST use a gate, but gives situations in which a gate could be your solution and, if you so choose, what requirements must that safety gate meet. Rusted spring-closing or compression gates no longer capable of self-closing will need repair or replacement. The new OSHA General Industry fall protection regulations that went into effect in 2017 are prompting a slew of questions on fixed ladders. Currently, under OSHA standard 1910.27 cages are required on ladders where the climbs are over 20’h. October 24, 2017 . This is not offset. Scope This Practice provides design guidelines for typical OSHA-regulated fixed ladders, ladder safety systems/personal fall arrest systems and cages as specified and detailed for fabrication in Here are three OSHA fixed ladder requirements for fixed ladder safety with delayed effective dates (source): : Gravity-closing gates can no longer be held open with bungee cords to prevent self-closure. OSHA rules apply to all stairways and ladders used in construction, alteration, repair, painting, decorating and demolition of worksites covered by OSHA’s construction safety and health standards. Paragraph §1910.23 (c) (1) requires a standard railing on all open-sided floors or platforms 4 feet or more above floor or ground level, except at entrances to ramps, stairways, or fixed ladders. Only a dual-gate system ensures compliance with OSHA because a dual-gate system will always have a barrier in place. You side step off of the ladder and another ladder is right there going up in the same direction that you climbed the last one. Products. Note: ladder chains do not meet OSHA standards. OSHA Reference 29 CFR 1910.23 guarding of floor openings and holes. Top view sketch of side mounted fixed ladderway opening. These rules specify when employers must provide stairways and ladders. The newest OSHA revisions include the following criteria for OSHA 1910.29 (b): “Fall protection systems and falling object protection — criteria and practices.” The employer must ensure guardrail systems meet the following requirements: To provide even more insight, below is a simplified list of some key areas to focus on when evaluating your current conditions. OSHA requirements have always been a complex topic, but OSHA’s Walking-Working Surfaces and Fall Protection Standards may have made things even more complicated for some facilities. The top-rail and bottom-rail are spaced to match the standard railing dimensions required by Federal OSHA. The Ladder Safety Gate is a self-closing swing gate which is economical, reliable, easy to install, and more closely matches the railings and their dimensional requirements provided for by Federal OSHA. In addition, employers must install all stairway and ladder fall protection systems required by these rules and ensure that their worksite meets all requirements of the stairway and ladder rules before employees use stairways or ladders; OSHA regulations regarding ladder use and applicable to ladders can be found at the following links: Top view sketch of catwalk side mounted fixed ladderway opening. Above is a very common ladder mount position. Published on BIC Magazine at: https://www.bicmagazine.com/departments/hse/new-osha-safety-gate-standard/. Below you will see some photos of ladders and top view sketches clarifying why each of their orientations either do or do not require a gate. Ladder Compliance with New OSHA Requirements . The gate arm is dimensioned to provide maximum opening coverage. Under the new regulations, a ladder over 24’ foot high “will”require a person- al fall arrest system or ladder safety system. Must be equipped with top rails and mid-rails, or equivalent intermediate members, that meet the requirements in final paragraph (b)(13)(i). Ladders installed before this date that have safety cages must have landing platforms at intervals of 50 feet or less. Email Us. 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This self-closing swing gate provides 42" top- and mid-rail protection to help ensure that your employees go home safe each night. https://www.bicmagazine.com/departments/hse/new-osha-safety-gate-standard/. This includes fall arrest systems. Must either slide or swing away from the hole. May not contain an opening greater than 19 inches in the least dimension. While this is important to understand, there was another significant change that did not receive as much attention. Fixed ladder with offset landing platform. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) published the newly revised Walking-Working Surfaces standard at the end of 2016, and it went into effect Jan. 17, 2017. Therefore, according to OSHA, a gate is required at the top of all ladders. Required fields are marked *. High-traffic access ladders can present many risks and are often located in obscure areas. Do you need a ladder gate at your ladder opening in your railing? (2)(i) Mid-rails are installed at a height midway between the top edge of the guardrail system and the walking-working surface. John Hill . OSHA’s standard requires that a safety gate: For example, if you are currently using chains, single-bar or drop-bar style gates in an access point or opening, they are no longer compliant and need to be replaced. Wilgard® Ladder Safety Swing Gate Wilgard® Ladder Safety Swing Gate Wildeck's Laddergard™ safety swing gates are self-closing and meet OSHA 1910.23 safety requirements. Instead of going through all the verbiage, this article simplifies it through images. There is often confusion when defining a safety gate. 1910.23 Guarding Floor & Wall Openings & Holes (a) Protection of floor openings, (a.2) Guard ladderway floor openings or platforms like a stairway floor opening with passage through the railing either provided with a swinging gate or offset so a person cannot walk directly into the opening. the chances of a fall on elevated platforms, mezzanines or ladder ways. The only example above that didn’t need a gate was the second ladder location. 5 thoughts on “ OSHA Changes Ladder Fall Protection Requirements (OSHA 1910.28) ” Philip Merli July 25, 2017 at 9:18 am. Do I Need a Swing Gate on My Fixed Ladder? Fortunately, the OSHA- and ANSI-compliant Ladder Safety Gate from PS DOORS provides proven protection, minimizing . Skip to content. Push the gate open to step onto the elevated surface; a self-closing mechanism automatically closes it. Ann, the new requirements state that the fall protection requirements are for ladders that “extend more than 24 feet above the lower level”. While this standard (OSHA 1910.29) is more specific about swing-gate requirements at the top of ladderway openings, like the previous standard (OSHA 1910.23), pieces have to be collected from different sections to get a full understanding of what is required. (2)(iv) Other equivalent intermediate members, such as additional mid-rails and architectural panels, are installed so that the openings are not more than 19 inches (48 centimeters) wide. The Ladder Safety Gate is a self-closing swing gate, which is economical, reliable, easy to install and closely matches the railings and their dimensional requirements provided for by Federal OSHA. Wildeck’s Laddergard™ is the perfect cost-effective solution to improve safety in your facility. This one can be tricky until you lay it out from the top view. It’s cheaper than letting OSHA do it for you. OSHA 1910.29(b)(13): When guardrail systems are used around holes that serve as points of access (such as ladder ways), the guardrail system opening (b)(13)(i) has a self-closing gate that slides or swings away from the hole, and is equipped with a top rail and mid-rail or equivalent intermediate member, or (b)(13)(ii) is offset to prevent an employee from walking or falling into the hole. This means that every ladder opening needs to be either (a) Offset so that a person cannot walk (or fall) directly into the opening or (b) Protected by a ladder safety gate. New OSHA Fall Protection Rule regulations went into effect on January 17, 2017. It is an easy either/or. The ladders states the passage through the railing must be protected by a swinging gate or offset so that a person cannot walk directly into the opening.” OSHA believes the intent of the exemption in paragraph (c) was to allow other than a standard, fixed, guardrail at the entrance to a fixed ladder. This means that a simple swing gate, sliding, gate, chain or removable railing is not acceptable. Please enter your username or email address. This location is not offset and as such would require a swing gate. Ladder safety gates are always in place, always swing closed and always protect you. These can be used to help you determine the appropriate course of action in and around any holes, openings or current access points with or without safety gates. If you are wondering when a fixed ladder requires fall protection, which forms of ladder fall protection are OSHA compliant, or if ladder cages still comply with OSHA’s revised ruling, we have just the post for you….. SafeRack. Ideal for elevated platforms, mezzanines or equipment, and anywhere there is an opening in your railing system, which is accessed by ladders, stairway or ships ladder. If the ladder was rotated to the left side of the landing it would require a safety gate because then the ladder opening would no longer be offset. Now that we know what the code requirement is, it is time to review a few common ladder mounting orientations to discuss where they fall under the code. 1910.28(b)(9)(i)(B) You can choose any PFAS provided it meets the OSHA requirements.1926.502(d) PLEASE NOTE:A ladder that is less than 24’ feet high does “not”require a fall arrest system of any sort. EFCOG Industrial Hygiene & Safety Task Group Meeting . Most areas are not offset. They are also required to have rest platforms every 150 feet or less. This ladder is offset and would not require a swing gate at the opening. Industrial Hygiene . The Ladder Safety Gate is a self-closing swing gate, which is economical, reliable, easy to install and closely matches the railings and their dimensional requirements provided for by Federal OSHA. PIP STE05501 COMPLETE REVISION Fixed Ladders Design Guide July 2018 Process Industry Practices Page 3 of 26 1. Click here to learn more about OSHA’s current walking-working surfaces standard. Some provisions for fixed ladders over 24 feet have delayed effective dates. 1910.23 (d) (13) (ii) A minimum perpendicular distance of 30 inches (76 cm) from the centerline of the steps or rungs to the nearest object on the climbing side. According to OSHA 1910.28(b)(3)(iv) “Each employee is protected from falling into a ladderway floor hole or ladderway platform hole by a guardrail system and toeboards erected on all exposed sides, except at the entrance to the hole, where a self-closing gate or an offset must be used.” Wildeck’s self-closing Laddergard™ Safety Swing Gates are adjustable to fit openings from 16” to 40” and comply with OSHA 1910.23 safety requirements. The passage through the railing, however, must be protected by a swinging gate or offset so that a person cannot walk directly into the opening. Does the only open side in the floor opening require a swinging gate even at a short distance to the next ladder? Often you may see safety chains or a single bar placed at … A clear width of at least 15 inches (38 cm) on each side of the ladder centerline to the nearest permanent object; and. Lost your password? Simply put, chains, once a viable option for protection of ladder access, are no longer allowed by OSHA. OSHA LADDER LANDING PLATFORM REQUIREMENTS. So what exactly do the new revisions mean regarding the use of safety gates? The above ladder accesses a platform and then turns to access the main walkway. A dual-gate system does not depend on an operator to remember and make an effort to close the barrier. Meets or exceeds OSHA requirements. Ideal for elevated platforms, mezzanines or equipment, and anywhere there is an opening in your railing system, which is accessed by ladders, stairway or ships ladder. Picture this: a fixed ladder going up to a floor opening in a platform. Your email address will not be published. I can send a pic if you want to take a look. It would be a single direction fall into the ladder opening and as such, a ladder safety gate is required to protect your employees when a ladder is installed in the above orientation. Start auditing walking-working surface compliance today. The above fixed ladder is mounted onto the side of the platform. Every ladder-way floor opening or platform shall be guarded by a standard railing with standard toeboard on all exposed sides, except at entrances to openings, with the passage through the railing either … With the update to OSHA's Walking/Working Surface rule last year, there has been a focus on the change in requirements for the use of ladder cages versus ladder safety devices. Top view sketch of offset mounted fixed ladderway opening. If your walking-working surface is elevated more than 4 feet off the ground, your guide to the newly revised OSHA standard is below. The most common ladder installation locations are not offset and as such require safety gates. General Requirements. All fixed ladders installed after November 18, 2018 that are over 24 feet are required to have ladder safety systems. What should you look for when reviewing your current safe access/fall protection configuration. A good rule of thumb is that if you can fall into the ladder opening with a single direction fall, then you are not offset. Must have a top rail height of 42 inches, plus/minus 3 inches. They are constructed of strong structural steel that with stands the daily use and abuse that many other ladder gates can not provide. According to OSHA 1910.28(b)(3)(iv)“Each employee is protected from falling into a ladderway floor hole or ladderway platform hole by a guardrail system and toeboards erected on all exposed sides, except at the entrance to the hole, where a self-closing gate or an offset must be used.”. From first glance it looks like because the ladder is off to the side that it would be offset from the normal flow of traffic, but if you fell at that point of the catwalk there would be no guarding to protect you. Note: Per OSHA regulations, the rails must rise at least three feet above the elevated surface being accessed. Then in 2009 they officially stated their enforcement position in a Regional Memo that DID include ladderway opening on the edge of a platform. So two key points here is that the old 20 foot requirement no longer applies and secondly it is not the length of the ladder that is important, but the distance that a worker may fall to the “lower level” if they were to fall from the ladder. Must be equipped with top rails and mid-rails, or equivalent intermediate members, that meet the requirements in final paragraph (b) (13) (i). In ANSI MH 28.3-2009 section 6.4.3, a barrier is required to be in place to secure pallet drop areas at all times, even while the area is being used for handling materials. Landing platforms … Your email address will not be published. Adjustable Swing Direction. Must be able to withstand a 200-pound load (top rail) and 150-pound load (mid-rail). Gate functionality requirements are: Must be self-closing; Must either slide or swing away from the hole; Must be equipped with top rails and midrails or equivalent intermediate members that meet the requirements in final paragraph (b) (final paragraph (b)(13)(i)) Safety Chain and Safety Gate Use. Do you need a ladder gate at your ladder opening in your railing? In OSHA’s new standard (OSHA standard 1910.28) taking effect 11/19/2018, ladders will not be required to have fall protection until their height is over 24’ (24’-0-1/4” requires fall protection). Must have a top rail height of 42 inches, plus/minus 3 inches. Must either slide or swing away from the hole. OSHA’s standard requires that a safety gate: Must be self-closing. Must have a top rail height of 42 inches, plus/minus 3 inches. To protect the worker exiting a ladder, OSHA requires a 42-inch high grab bar extension above the access level or landing platform at the top of the ladder. OSHA’s standard requires that a safety gate: Must be self-closing. Copyright 2021 Intrepid Industries | All Rights Reserved. Must be equipped with top rails and mid-rails, or equivalent intermediate members, that meet the requirements in final paragraph (b)(13)(i). Besides what is illustrated, an additional key feature to note is the gate must be self-closing. The gate should also be equipped with a top rail and mid rail. You will receive a link to create a new password via email. As you can see above, if someone fell while at the main walkway they would fall onto the ladder landing surface, they would not fall down the ladder opening. The floor opening access is to your right as you ascend the ladder. Industrial swing gate, swinging safety gates & adjustable safety gates from YellowGate comply to OSHA fall protection and are ANSI yellow. Ladder holes protected by a guardrail system to protect each employee from falling. Category: OSHA Compliance Posts Published: 18 August 2017 For years, OSHA had taken a position on when/where "swing gates" were actually required and that position was that it did NOT apply to fixed ladders on the edge of a platform. "(a)(2) Every ladderway floor opening or platform shall be guarded by a standard railing with standard toe-board on all exposed sides (except at entrance to opening), with passage through the railing either provided with a swing gate or so off-set that a person cannot walk directly into the opening." See the below top view sketch for clarification. You can walk directly to the ladder opening from where work is/can be expected to be performed and as such, a safety gate is required at the ladder opening. This is important because the previous standard only required that it be a swinging gate. The opening is at the end of the platform – meaning there are immediately 3 sides covered with guardrails, midrails, and toeboards. Per OSHA 1910.23(d)(4) – The side rails of through or sidestep ladders must extend 42 inches above the top of the access level or … Work is performed further down the platform but it is possible to fall directly down the ladder opening. While these illustrations do not include every possibility of what is out there, they do give a good idea of what to look for when replacing and/or purchasing new safety gates. As you can see from the above sketch, there is a single direction of travel to the ladder from the catwalk. Guardrail systems should be capable of withstanding a force of at least 200 pounds applied in a downward or outward direction A self-closing gate that slides or swings AWAY from the hole. This standard opens up gate requirements to manhole covers, roof hatches and other similar systems that would remain open while accessed. Seems like it would be actually adding a hazard for someone trying to get onto the platform. Before using the gate, secure the ladder to a fixed structure with a ladder anchor. With that orientation, you would fall onto the ladder landing and then hit the rear railing, not fall through the ladder opening. Ladder and Stairway Safety Gates are … The latest OSHA revisions include the following criteria for OSHA 1910.29: “Fall protection systems and falling object protection — criteria and practices.” The employer must ensure guardrail systems meet the following requirements: For more information regarding this new standard, visit www.intrepidindustries.com or www.osha.gov, call (281) 479-8301 or email Paxton Guidroz at pguidroz@intrepidindustries.com. A swing gate is a requirement at this location. Must either slide or swing away from the hole. SUPERIOR LADDER WAY SAFETY: Another seemingly redundant standard from OSHA further increases the areas requiring gates is 1910.29(b)(13) and 1910.29(b)(13)(i): When guardrail systems are used around holes that serve as points of access (such as ladderways), the guardrail system opening: (1910.29(b)(13)(i) has a self closing gate that slides or swings away from the hole, and is equipped with a top rail and midrail or equivalent intermediate member(…). Would fall onto the ladder opening and holes make an effort to close the barrier My ladder. I can send a pic if you want to take a look 1910.23! To have rest platforms every 150 feet or less must provide stairways and ladders 20 ’ h ( rail... On the edge of a fall on elevated platforms, mezzanines or ladder ways here to learn about. On the edge of a fall on elevated platforms, mezzanines or ladder ways can present many and... Always have a top rail height of 42 inches, plus/minus 3 inches standard requires that a safety.. 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